【Chess国际象棋】- 上海语通翻译有限公司
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Chess国际象棋

国际象棋中向对方的国王”将一军”,英语叫check,它同chess一起,都是从古波斯语shah(国王)演变来的。Shah进入古法语后写作eschec,进入古英语时写作chek,后来才写作check,最初只限于象棋中的”将一军”之义,后来才伸展为今天的”制止”、”检查”等词义。而古法语eschec的复数形式eschecs进入古英语后写作ches,以后才变为chess,原来”将一军”的复数,而国际象棋chess,就是连续将军的游戏。

另外,古波斯人称象棋中”把对方将死”为shah-mat,mat是”死”的意思;今天英语也说check-mate,这可不是”棋友”,而是”把对方将死”的意思,这里的mate是波斯语mat的译音。

 

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